What is, what for and the way to go about that
Katerina Katsara Sec Impotence English Instructor Board Part of ÅÊÁÄÅÂÅ A language instructing syllabus or curriculum is known as a design of the content and its pattern of a dialect programme (what-when-how) which contains the subject matter (what to talk about) and the linguistic subject (how to discuss it). Specifically, a syllabus is a teaching guideline of when and what materials is to be directed at the scholars and how learning is to be placed in effect. Syllabi embody the overall and certain objectives from the language instructing course, the short-term ones being contained in the long-term aim. Types of syllabi can fall into two broad groups depending on the vocabulary content the emphasis is put on; hence there are: • Formal-structural orientation Syllabi in which the focus can be on the grammatical / structural/ lexical features of the target language. Linguistic elements range from the basic / easy ones for the more complex items and so is normally sequenced a syllabus modelled on the basis of structural /grammatical content. Teaching strategies that extremely emphasise upon form as well as grammar like the Grammar Translation Method (GTM) and the Audiolingual Method (ALM) both determine and are finest supported by these kinds of curricula. • Functional-notional alignment Syllabi, which will focus on the actual learner must do with all the language. The chinese language content and the emphasis, consequently , are not upon grammar on its own but even more on features and the pragmatic environment through which language is to be used. The Communicative Dialect Teaching approach (CLM) is best suited with efficient /notional syllabi. Seen from the perspective in the result or procedure of language training, syllabi can also be divided into two different types in respect to which the immediate emphasis can be put on: In Product-oriented syllabi what is focalised is what the learners will know as a result including the end of the instruction period. They are straightforward in the sense that what is taught/ presented (language content ) is what is intended to be learnt ( language product). Such syllabi typically incorporate a selection of graded linguistic items to be 'learnt' by the learners. In Process-oriented syllabi alternatively, the focal point is the pedagogic processes bringing about the language final result which, nevertheless anticipated, it can be all too often certainly not predetermined and in many cases unexpected. Both product and process-oriented curricula function as " umbrella terms' and have subdivisions:
1 . Grammatical-Structural: One of the most prevalent types of syllabus. This article of terminology teaching is actually a collection of graded complexity varieties and constructions of the focus on language. Grammatical linguistic goods are presented in succession, one after another, continually and are supposedly learnt by learners before moving on to another one. Examples include nouns, verbs, adjectives, claims, questions, subordinate clauses, and so forth. 2 . Lexical: A lexical syllabus uses vocabulary since the building blocks. Educating is organized round high frequency vocabulary keyword and key phrase from terminology in use to develop broadened vocabulary areas. a few. Functional-Situational-Notional: The language content is a collection of the functions which have been performed once language is utilized, or with the notions that language is employed to express. Examples of functions include: agreeing, apologizing, requesting and so on; examples of thoughts include size, age, color, and so on. The primary purpose of a situational dialect teaching syllabus is to instruct the language that develops in actual situations. Chinese occurring for the circumstance involves a number of functions. Types of situations consist of: seeing the dentist, making an appointment, ordering clothes, appointment people by a party and so on. It was advised by Finocchiaro and Brumfit that this kind of syllabus positioned 'the college students and their franche purposes at the centre of the curriculum'. (Nunan 1988)
References: Nunan D. Expansive Syllabus Style, Cambridge School Press Prevalent European Platform of Research for Different languages Dubin, Farrenheit., & Olshtain, E. (1986). " Training course design: Producing programs and materials pertaining to language learning. " Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Gattegno, C. (1972). " Teaching international languages in schools: The silent method (2nd impotence. ). " New York: Educational Solutions. (ERIC Document Duplication Service Number ED 157 403)
to facilitate the teacher and accommodate the learner to the benefit of the teaching and learning method. Finally, on the other hand well thought out and designed a syllabus may be, we need to only find it as difficult guide and therefore, it is useful that it be reflected regularly and even modified if necessary in order that it effectively suits the learners' needs.
Krahnke, K. T. (1981). " Incorporating franche instruction in academic preparing ESL curricula. " (ERIC Document Imitation Service No . ED 210 915) Krahnke, K. L. " Methods to Syllabus Design for Foreign Language Teaching, " Lesley Dick, (2005) Syllabus writing. Uk Council, Sri Lanka http://www.ac-orleans-tours.fr, Reilly, Tarey, (1988) " Approaches to Foreign Language Syllabus Design” http://www.ericdigests.org/ ericdigests. code
Ç Ó÷ïëéêÞ Óýìâïõëïò ôçò Èåóóáëïíßêçò Doctor ÁããåëéêÞ ÄåëçãéÜííç óå óõíåñãáóßá ìå ôéò õðåýèõíåò Ðïëéôéóôéêþí ÈåìÜôùí êáé Êáëëéôå÷íéêþí Áãþíùí ê. Á. ÁõäÞ êáé Å. ÌùóáÀäïõ, äéïñãÜíùóå óôéò áñ÷Ýò ôïõ Óåðôåìâñßïõ äýï åêðáéäåõôéêÜ óåìéíÜñéá ãéá ôéò êáèçãÞôñéåò Áããëéêþí óôï 2ï ÃõìíÜóéï ÊáëáìáñéÜò êáé óôï 11ï Ãåíéêü Ëýêåéï Èåóóáëïíßêçò. Ôá óåìéíÜñéá ðåñéåëÜìâáíáí åéóçãÞóåéò ãéá ôç Äéáèåìáôéêüôçôá, ôç ÂéùìáôéêÞ êáé ôç ÓõíåñãáôéêÞ ìÜèçóç, ôï ñüëï ðïõ êáëïýíôáé íá äéáäñáìáôßóïõí óôçí Åêðáßäåõóç ôá ÐïëéôéóôéêÜ ÐñïãñÜììáôá êáé ôç óõìâïëÞ ôïõò óôçí áðïôåëåóìáôéêüôåñç äéäáóêáëßá ôçò ÁããëéêÞò Ãëþóóáò. ÕðÞñîå ðáñïõóßáóç Ðïëéôéóôéêþí ÐñïãñáììÜôùí ðïõ Ý÷ïõí õëïðïéçèåß áðü åêðáéäåõôéêïýò ÁããëéêÞò Ãëþóóáò êáé ìáèçôÝò ó÷ïëåßùí. ÄçìéïõñãÞèçêáí a couple of åñãáóôÞñéá (workshops) ãéá ôïõò óõììåôÝ÷ïíôåò, ôï Ýíá ìå ôçí ê. ÌùóáÀäïõ ìå èÝìá ôïí êéíçìáôïãñÜöï êáé ôï Üëëï ìå ôçí ê. ÁõäÞ ìå èÝìá ôï ÈÝáôñï. Óôá training courses ïé åêðáéäåõôéêïß ôùí Áããëéêþí åß÷áí ôçí åõêáéñßá íá óõììåôÝ÷ïõí óå âéùìáôéêÝò äñáóôçñéüôçôåò, ðïõ áöïñïýí ôï èÝáôñï, ãéá íá ôéò áîéïðïéÞóïõí ìå ìÝóï ôçí ÁããëéêÞ ãëþóóá óôç äéäáóêáëßá/åêìÜèçóÞ ôçò. Ç áîéïðïßçóç ôïõ åêðáéäåõôéêïý äñÜìáôïò, üðùò áíÝöåñå ç ê. ÁõäÞ, ãéá ôçí åêìÜèçóç ôçò îÝíçò ãëþóóáò áðïôåëåß ìßá áðü ôéò ðéï óýã÷ñïíåò ìåèüäïõò äéäáóêáëßáò ðïõ Ý÷åé ùò óôü÷ï ôçí øõ÷áãùãßá, ôçí åðéêïéíùíßá êáé ôçí óõíåñãáóßá ôùí ìáèçôþí. Ç ê. ÌùóáÀäïõ áíÝöåñå üôé ï ÊéíçìáôïãñÜöïò ìðïñåß íá áðïôåëÝóåé åñãáëåßï ìÜèçóçò ãéá ôçí îÝíç ãëþóóá óôï ó÷ïëåßï. Ðáñïõóßáóå ìéêñÜ tips ðïõ ïäçãïýí óôç äéáäñáóôéêÞ åðéêïéíùíßá ìå áöïñìÞ óõãêåêñéìÝíåò ðåñéóôÜóåéò åðéêïéíùíßáò êáé ãëùóóéêÝò ðñÜîåéò ðïõ ðåñéëáìâÜíïíôáé óôï áíáëõôéêü ðñüãñáììá ôïõ ìáèÞìáôïò.
Volume. 22, Sept. 2010 2008